If you've ever admired the sleek and minimalist design of mid-century modern furniture or sought a trendy and versatile solution for your DIY projects, then you've likely encountered the stylish and functional marvel known as hairpin legs.
But what are hairpin legs, exactly? These simple yet distinctive metal supports have become a hallmark of modern interior design and woodworking, adding a touch of retro flair and a dash of industrial charm to a wide range of furniture pieces.
Whether you're a design enthusiast looking to learn more about their history and applications or want to DIY some furniture, this beginner's guide to hairpin legs will introduce you to the world of these iconic leg designs.
Join us as we discuss the history of hairpin legs, their uses, and how to find the best hairpin legs in the UK for your next project. We’ll also help you select the right hairpin legs for your use case, and give you some tips for installing your new hairpin legs.
What are Hairpin Legs?
So, what are hairpin legs? Hairpin legs are minimalist, metal furniture legs characterised by their sleek and open design. They consist of two or more thin, metal rods bent into a U or V shape, with the top of the "U" or "V" typically attached to a piece of furniture like a table, chair, or bench.
These legs provide sturdy support while creating an airy and visually light appearance, making them a popular choice for modern and contemporary furniture design.
The History of Hairpin Legs
Hairpin legs were first designed by Henry P. Glass in 1941 during World War II. The wartime era posed challenges for furniture makers due to material shortages, and Glass's solution was to create furniture legs using minimal steel wire.
The resulting hairpin leg design not only addressed the scarcity of materials but also captured the essence of the mid-century modern design movement, characterised by simplicity, functionality, and an emphasis on clean lines.
These legs gained popularity in the post-war period, particularly in the 1950s and 1960s, as they perfectly complemented the iconic furniture designs of the time. Hairpin legs have experienced a resurgence in the 21st century, driven by a renewed interest in mid-century modern aesthetics.
Hairpin legs are celebrated for their unique design aesthetics. Their minimalist appearance creates an open and uncluttered look, making them suitable for a wide range of interior styles, from industrial and Scandinavian to retro and contemporary.
One of the key design advantages of hairpin legs is their ability to make furniture pieces appear to float above the ground. This illusion of weightlessness adds an element of sophistication and elegance to any room.
Materials and Finishes
Hairpin legs are typically crafted from metal, with steel being the most common material choice due to its strength and durability. However, you can find hairpin legs made from other metals like iron or even aluminium, each with its own unique characteristics.
These legs come in a variety of finishes, allowing you to customise the look to suit your design preferences. Common finishes include matte black, satin nickel, brass, and raw steel. The choice of finish can impact the overall aesthetic, from an industrial vibe to a more modern appearance.
What are Hairpin Legs Used For?
Hairpin legs are versatile design elements that have found their way into a wide range of applications in the world of furniture and interior design. But what are hairpin legs used for, mostly? Let's explore some of the common uses of hairpin legs.
Tables, Chairs, and Other Furnishings
Hairpin legs are most commonly associated with tables. Their minimalist design allows the tabletop to take centre stage, making them an excellent choice for showcasing beautiful wood grains or unique surface materials. Their strength also ensures that tables can support weight.
While less common, hairpin legs can also be used for chairs. When paired with appropriately designed seats and backs, these legs can create a striking and comfortable seating solution with a contemporary or mid-century modern aesthetic.
A key aspect of buying hairpins is being able to upcycle old furniture. We’ve seen everything from old bar doors to suitcases be transformed. We have customers that have even made dog beds with their hairpin legs!
Popular Home Styles with Hairpin Legs
If you're aiming for a retro, timeless look, hairpin legs are an ideal choice for mid-century modern enthusiasts. Furniture with hairpin legs complements this aesthetic perfectly, creating a harmonious blend of form and function.
The industrial design style often incorporates raw materials and exposed structural elements. Hairpin legs in a raw steel finish align well with this aesthetic. When used in industrial-inspired furniture, they add a touch of refinement while maintaining the rugged charm of the style.
How to Find Quality Hairpin Legs Online in the UK
While there are a number of places to purchase hairpin legs online in the UK, the quality can vary significantly. So, how do you find the best hairpin legs for your next project? Here are some tips for finding hairpin legs that won’t let you down.
Key Features of a Quality Hairpin Leg
What are hairpin legs made of? Quality hairpin legs are typically made from durable materials like steel. Ensure that the legs you're considering are constructed from robust metal to guarantee long-lasting strength and stability for your furniture. Cheaper ones, on the other hands, are made from metal stubes instead of solid bars. This compromises safety and durability.
The finish of the legs plays a significant role in their aesthetics and durability. Popular finishes include matte black, satin nickel, brass, and raw steel. Consider the finish that best complements your decor and ensures resistance to rust or corrosion. We are one of the only companies who do a satin clear coat, which retains the raw look but without any risk of rusting.
The thickness of the metal rods used in hairpin legs can vary. Thicker rods generally indicate sturdier legs, capable of supporting heavier loads. For tables and other furniture pieces, thicker rods are advisable, especially if you plan to use them for substantial surfaces.
Trusted Online Marketplaces
Some larger online marketplaces have a decent selection of hairpin legs, but the quality can be hit or miss. And, purchasing from these marketplaces makes you a step removed from the seller themselves. If you have any questions about their products, it can be hard to find answers.
The Importance of Customer Reviews
Customer reviews are invaluable when it comes to purchasing hairpin legs online. Before making a final decision, take the time to read reviews. Look for feedback on the quality and durability of the hairpin legs. Reviews often mention if the legs are sturdy and well-made.
Customers often share their thoughts on the finish and appearance of the legs. Pay attention to comments about the legs' aesthetics and whether they match the product descriptions. You might also get an idea of the level of customer service provided by the seller.
Hairpin Leg Co. Difference: Why Shop With Us?
As our name suggests, Hairpin Leg Co. specializes in all things hairpin leg. We’ve been passionate about hairpin legs since day one, and we believe that our passion spills through into each hairpin leg we craft.
We do whatever we can to give our customers the best possible experience. We offer free shipping within the UK, a 5-year guarantee, and are always happy to discuss your next project with you.
Some of Our Most Popular Hairpin Legs
Whether you’re looking for bar table legs, breakfast bar legs, or footstool legs, you’ll find premium hairpin legs to suit all styles at Hairpin Leg Co. Our legs are available in a wide variety of lengths, colours, styles, and shapes to suit any project.
We also have hairpin bed legs, bar stool legs, and cabinet legs available in 13 different colours - we promise we have something to suit your style! We also have hairpin and industrial coffee table legs, as well as wooden table legs with a contemporary, Scandinavian vibe.
Selecting the Right Hairpin Legs for Your Project
Choosing the perfect hairpin legs for your DIY project or furniture piece is a crucial step in achieving the desired aesthetic and functionality. Here’s how to select hairpin legs that will perfectly complement your next project.
Determining the Right Size & Design
When embarking on a furniture project, selecting the appropriate hairpin leg size and design is crucial. Not only do these legs need to provide stability and support, but they also need to enhance the overall aesthetics of the piece.
For tables, the desired height is a starting point. Most standard dining tables stand at around 73-75cm, which means using legs that are approximately 71cm or 28” would be suitable. Benches, on the other hand, typically have a height of 42-45cm, so legs around 40cm or 16” would be more fitting.
As for counters and bars, their height can vary between 88cm and 105cm. With cabinets and coffee tables, there's a wider range based on personal preferences: cabinets might range from 10cm-30cm, while coffee tables are usually between 30cm and 40cm.
The weight and size of your tabletop also play a significant role. Smaller, lighter tabletops can often be supported well by thinner rods, while larger, heavier tops need the added strength that comes from thicker metal rods.
Small legs, especially those with a standard 2-rod, 10mm thick steel design, can provide ample support for most coffee tables and other lower-set furniture items. However, if you're dealing with taller or more substantial pieces, a 3-rod design is recommended. This design is sturdier, making it more suitable for items like dining tables, bars, or counters.
But, if you're creating a smaller, decorative side table, a 2-rod design might suffice. If you’re undertaking particularly hefty projects that weigh over 100kg, opting for legs made from a thicker 12mm steel is advisable.
Lastly, the visual appeal of your furniture shouldn't be overlooked. Taller hairpin legs can make a space feel more open and airy, while shorter ones can create a warmer, cozier ambiance.
Pairing with Different Tabletops
Hairpin legs pair beautifully with wooden tabletops, showcasing the natural grain and texture of the wood. Consider the wood type, stain, or finish of the tabletop to ensure it suits the leg's finish. For a rustic look, opt for raw steel legs, while black or coloured legs can add a modern twist.
Glass tabletops combined with hairpin legs create a sense of transparency and lightness, making them an excellent choice for smaller spaces. Ensure that the glass is tempered for safety and that it is securely attached to the legs.
Concrete tabletops are a trendy choice, offering an industrial and rugged appearance. To support the weight of a concrete tabletop, select hairpin legs with thicker rods and ensure they are properly anchored.
Make your life easier when fitting to stone or concrete by first fitting the legs to a wooden top. 24mm+ good quality plywood.
Many suppliers offer customisation options for hairpin legs, allowing you to tailor them to your project's specific requirements. At Hairpin Leg Co., we offer a range of finishes beyond the standard options. You can choose the perfect colour to match your decor or design vision.
Most hairpin legs are also sold in different heights and thicknesses. Make sure you’re choosing the right height and thickness for your project, and don’t forget to confirm the quantity before placing your order!
How to Install Hairpin Legs
Installing hairpin legs on your furniture project is a straightforward process that can transform the overall look and functionality of your creation.
Whether you're building a new table or giving a piece of furniture a fresh look, this guide will walk you through the tools and steps to properly install hairpin legs.
Tools You'll Need
Before you start the installation process, make sure you have the following tools and materials on hand:
- Power drill or screwdriver
- Drill bits (appropriate size for your screws)
- Measuring tape
- Pencil or chalk
- Wrench or socket set (if necessary for attaching the legs)
- Hairpin legs (quantity depending on your project)
- Screws or mounting plates (typically provided with the legs or purchased separately)
- Washers (if not included with the legs)
- Wood screws or bolts (length should be appropriate for the thickness of your tabletop)
Step-by-Step Guide to Installation
Follow these steps to install hairpin legs on your furniture project:
- Begin by measuring and marking the exact placement of each leg on your furniture piece. Use a measuring tape and a pencil or chalk to ensure accuracy. We suggest insetting the legs at least 50mm from the outside edges of the table to ensure the tips of the legs do not go outside. You can use artistic lisence here though to get the look you want.
- To prevent wood from splitting, pre-drill holes at the marked locations. Choose a drill bit that matches the diameter of your screws or bolts. We suggest a 2-3mm drill bit.
- Place the hairpin legs over the pre-drilled holes and align them with your markings.
- Secure the legs to the tabletop by driving screws or bolts through the holes in the hairpin legs or mounting plates. Use washers under the screw heads, if necessary.
- If your project involves a table or other furniture with a heavy top, it's a good idea to test it with weight to confirm its stability.
Bringing Our Beginner’s Guide on Hairpin Legs to a Close
Hopefully, you now have a better understanding of hairpin legs. These timeless accessories can elevate your next furniture project, and come with exceptional customisation options to give you the exact look you’re going for. If you want to learn more, we have a more robust guide on installing hairpin legs.
At Hairpin Leg Co., our hairpin furniture legs are the highest quality you’ll find anywhere. We take pride in every leg we produce, and bring our passion to your project, one leg at a time. Plus, we have an unmatched selection of sizes, colours, and styles to choose from!
Invest in hairpin legs worthy of your next project. Shop Hairpin Leg Co. today!